Sol LeWitt was one of the most influential artists of his generation, redefining the notions of art and artist through his experimentation with line and form, idea and process. With a focus on seriality, the American artist created an austere, minimalist vocabulary of geometric shapes, subjecting them to a series of rules and experimentations in a variety of media, from drawing and painting to artist’s books, multiples, furniture, photographs, prints and structures.
In his 1967 manifesto “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art”, LeWitt famously coined the term “conceptual art”, a pivotal event in modern art, asserting that “the idea becomes a machine that makes the art”. It is a framework in which the artist is “a thinker and originator of ideas rather than a craftsman ... in the role of a composer rather than player”.
In the early sixties, LeWitt had constructed sculptural works as cubes and modular forms. They became the starting point for a diverse language: variations on cubes and lines, circles and arcs, explored through drawings, artist’s books and wall drawings.
Over his forty-year career, LeWitt created more than 1,200 wall drawings in different sites and locations around the world. The first was made in 1968 at Paula Cooper Gallery in New York. A revolutionary break with the conventions of the time, it recalled the Italian Renaissance frescos, and led to John Kaldor inviting LeWitt to Australia to make wall drawings at Sydney’s Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW) and Melbourne’s National Gallery of Victoria (NGV).
The AGNSW work, titled All two part combinations of arcs from four corners, arcs from four sides, straight, not-straight and broken lines in four directions, involved combinations of twenty different types of curved, straight, “not-straight” and broken lines, marked out across a 10 × 31 metre wall in the entrance gallery. It was, at the time, the largest single artwork ever displayed at the gallery and the largest work LeWitt had completed.
Lines to points on a grid. On yellow: Lines from the center of the wall. On red: Lines from four sides. On blue: Lines from four corners. On black: Lines from four sides, four corners and the center of the wall, installed at the NGV, divided a 3 × 12 metre wall into four equal panels, coloured yellow, red, blue and black. Within the coloured squares, straight lines of white chalk were drawn out from set points, intersecting with each other to create patterns and geometric collisions.
born 1928 in Hartford, Connecticut, US
died 2007 in New York, US
All two part combinations of arcs from four corners, arcs from four sides, straight, not-straight and broken lines in four directions
March – July 1977
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
Lines to points on a grid. On yellow: Lines from the center of the wall. On red: Lines from four sides. On blue: Lines from four corners. On black: Lines from four sides, four corners and the center of the wall
March – April 1977
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
Installation of Sol LeWitt wall drawings at the Art Gallery of New South Wales, 2011
Coining the term “conceptual art“, Sol LeWitt is considered one of the most influential artists of his time. From 1968 to 2007, LeWitt created 1,200 wall drawings, reducing his art-making process to a bare vocabulary of lines, curves, geometric shapes and primary colours. These works were distinctive for their method, which began with a set of instructions or a simple diagram, executed by people other than the artist at different times and places. LeWitt once wrote “ideas can be works of art“, giving greater importance to the idea behind his work rather than its execution.
Designed for both the 6th and 11th Kaldor Public Art Projects, this Education Kit examines Sol LeWitt’s conceptual artmaking practice and his pioneering influence on the international art world.
LEARNING STAGES: Senior secondary (Stages 5-6) | Tertiary
CONTENTS: Introduction | Artist bio | Project: 1977 | Project: 1998 | World events 1977 | World events 1998 | Theme: Conceptual art | Art Gallery of NSW Collection connections | Selected references | Issues for discussion
ARCHIVE for Project 06 - Sol LeWitt
The Kaldor Public Art Projects archive has been collected over more than 50 years, and features rare and original documentation on the process of realising large-scale, temporary art projects. With thousands of items accessible through the Digital Archive, it serves as a valuable online resource for artists, students, teachers and researchers.
The Project 6 archive traces the development of Sol LeWitt’s first Wall Drawings in Australia, from press clippings and photographs of LeWitt’s past works, through to correspondence and planning for the realisation of the Project in Sydney and Melbourne in 1977. Featured items include a handmade colour mock-up of the Project catalogue created by LeWitt.
John Kaldor shares his personal recollections of working with artist Sol LeWitt to realise the 6th Kaldor Public Art Project in 1977. (6:15, Kaldor Public Art Projects, 2021)