Bill Viola is considered a pioneer in the medium of video art and is internationally recognised as one of today’s leading artists. He has been instrumental
in the establishment of video as a vital form of contemporary art and, in so doing, has helped to greatly expand its scope in terms of technology,
content and historical reach. In collaboration with the Melbourne Festival and Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Project 21 presented Viola’s
haunting video installations Fire Woman and Tristan’s Ascension inside a church in Parkville. A second work, The Raft,
was also presented at the Australian Centre for the Moving Image as part of the project.
For 40 years Viola has created architectural video installations, films, sound environments, electronic music performances, flat panel video pieces,
videos for television broadcast as well as for music concerts, opera and sacred spaces. His single-channel videotapes have been widely distributed
on DVD, while his writings have been extensively published and translated for international readers. Viola’s video works masterfully utilise sophisticated
media technologies while exploring the spiritual and perceptual side of human experience. Focusing on universal human themes of birth, death and
the unfolding of consciousness, they have roots in both Eastern and Western art, as well as the spiritual traditions of Zen Buddhism, Islamic Sufism
and Christian mysticism.
Viola visited Melbourne for his installation at St Carthage’s Church, screening his 2005 works Fire Woman and Tristan’s Ascension,
and to install a third work, The Raft, 2004, at the Australian Centre for the Moving Image. The works shown at St Carthage’s were originally
created for a Los Angeles Philharmonic presentation of Wagner’s 19th-century opera Tristan und Isolde in collaboration with director Peter Sellars
and conductor Esa-Pekka Salonen. They were created for the opera’s final act, in which the two lovers are united in death. Viola drew their inspiration
from elemental transformations described in the Tibetan book of the dead. Fire Woman depicts ‘an image seen in the mind’s eye of a dying
man’, while Tristan’s Ascension portrays ‘the ascent of the soul in the space after death’. After a successful presentation in Sydney
for Project 17 in 2008, these works were installed a second time in this new setting for Project 21.
The work installed at the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, The Raft, showed a group of men and women from various ethnic and economic
backgrounds, waiting in a line, they are suddenly struck by a massive onslaught of water that knocks over some, while others brace themselves against
the unprovoked deluge and fight for survival. Water flies everywhere, clothing and bodies are pummelled, faces and limbs contort in stress and
agony against the cold, hard force. Then, as suddenly as it arrived, the water stops, leaving behind a band of suffering, bewildered and battered
individuals. The work unfolds in extreme slow motion to reveal subtle nuances of light and colour in the explosive impact of the water and the
individual expressions and gestures of the figures faced with the overwhelming assault. Described by the artist as ‘an image of destruction and
survival’, this powerful and extremely moving work is a symbol of hope in the difficult times we find ourselves.